Treating infertility is a complicated process for most couples. It involves different sets of protocols and procedures. The experience can also be emotionally and physically draining. But at Sharda Narayan Hospital, we offer a completely holistic and scientific approach with the latest advances in reproductive medicine to help you get pregnant quickly, easily, and reliably.
The best IVF and reproductive medical care in India
In collaboration with Indira IVF, Sharda Narayan Hospital is the best fertility center and has provided good-quality infertility care for over two decades. It offers comprehensive diagnostics, individualized treatment plans, and high success rates. The team at Sharda Narayan Hospital IVF is fully trained to provide the best care for all infertility needs.
Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)
It is the process of transferring processed semen into the uterine cavity of a female at the time of ovulation. It is widely used in male infertility cases with low sperm count or decreased sperm motility.
IVF ( In Vitro Fertilization )
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process of forming an embryo in the lab and transferring it into a female’s uterine cavity at a certain period. It is a complex series of procedures to help infertile couples bear a child.
During IVF, a female is given hormonal injections for a few days to grow eggs in her ovary; once eggs reach a specific size, they are called mature eggs. Mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from ovaries by a process called ovum pickup and fertilized with washed sperms in a lab. The fertilized eggs, called embryos, are grown in the lab for 3 to 5 days and then transferred into the female uterus. The process is called Embryo Transfer. The whole procedure takes three weeks. This procedure can be done with couples’ own eggs, and sperms or eggs and sperms from anonymous donors can be used.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection
ICSI- Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection. This procedure involves the selection of one good sperm, which is directly into one mature egg. It is one step advance of IVF. This procedure is performed if the male has a low sperm count and an abnormal sperm shape or motility. ICSI is a very effective technique in male factor infertility. It is the treatment of choice when sperms are directly extracted from testis; even couples with poor fertilization in a previous IVF cycle benefit from this procedure.
LAH (Laser-assisted hatching)
Once the embryo is transferred into the uterus, it needs to implant on the uterus wall to grow to achieve a successful pregnancy. Sometimes the embryo fails to implant, resulting in IVF failure. This can happen because the embryo is not able to break the outer wall of its covering called ZONA PELLUCIDA. The process of breaking this wall is called Hatching.
Laser-assisted Hatching is an advanced technology to increase the rate of successful implantation of the embryo during the IVF procedure. In this process, a small crack is made on zona pellucida by a laser shot; this leads to thinning of zona pellucida and makes it easier for the embryo to break it and hatch. This procedure helps in successful implantation leading to pregnancy—couples suffering from repeated IVF failures, elderly females undergoing IVF, embryo transfer after thawing, and couples with unexplained infertility benefit via LAH. The goal of LAH is to overcome all the odds that are preventing implantation or successful pregnancy.
Once the embryo is formed after fertilization in the lab, it is grown for 4-6 days in a culture media. As the embryo grows, it gains more cells which are organized in a particular manner in inner and outer clusters of cells. This technique of developing an embryo in a lab for 4- 6 days is called Blastocyst Culture, and the embryo is called Blastocyst. The Blastocyst is a more advanced form of the embryo and has better chances of survival and implantation when it is transferred into the uterus. It also improves the success rate of the IVF cycle.
Cryopreservation is a technique of preserving tissues and cells at extremely low temperatures. It has been in practice for decades in various medical branches. At extremely low temperatures, all biological activities of the cells stop entirely. All biochemical reactions which can lead to cell death are stopped. Mostly, the temperature is as low as -196 °C/-321 °F, and the commonly used medium is liquid nitrogen.
In IVF cryopreservation technique is used to freeze the eggs, sperms, or embryos wherever required. Sperms can be frozen for sperm donation and future use when needed. In certain conditions, female eggs can be frozen and used later for IVF. Extra embryos generated during IVF treatment can be frozen to be used later if the IVF cycle fails.
Many couples unable to conceive naturally might require eggs or sperms from a third party. This is because neither male is unable to produce sperm nor the female does not have eggs.
When a male partner does not have sperm or has very low-quality sperm, they need another man willing to donate sperm which would fuse with the female partner’s eggs to form an embryo. This embryo is then transferred to the female partner’s uterus.
When the female partner has primary ovarian insufficiency or is menopausal, she is unable to produce the egg. In such a situation, couples opt egg donation program. Eggs from a healthy female donor are retrieved after stimulation. These eggs are fertilized with male partner sperms to form embryos that are transferred into the female partner’s uterus.
When both the male partner and the female partner are not able to produce sperm and egg, respectively, they opt for embryo donation. In this, the embryo is developed by injecting the sperm and eggs of the donor male and female. The embryo is implanted in the uterus of the female partner.
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